The Second Amendment and National Defense

by Donnal Walter, February 22, 2018

Peaceful demonstration. (Photo: Mark Wilson/Getty Images)

In a recent Facebook post I suggested that the ‘right to keep and bear arms’ is somehow not on par with other named human and civil rights. A respected friend countered that he and others consider the right to defend oneself against violent attack to be the primary right, that the Second Amendment is the right that protects all the others.

The right to self-protection

The part about “a well regulated Militia” and “security of a free State” notwithstanding, I concede that the Second Amendment can be construed as the right of an individual for self-defense (and has been so interpreted, at least since 2008). I further concede that the right to individual safety and security, and thus the right to defend oneself is equal to (on par with) the right to life, liberty, dignity, clean water and sanitation, healthy food and healthcare, working for a living wage, owning property, and freedom from discrimination and oppression. These are all essential, personal security being of equal importance.

My disagreement with the Second Amendment is that it is not working. If the goal is the safety of our people, granting individuals the right to keep and bear arms has made us less safe rather than more so. The evidence for this may be questioned by some, but evidence to the contrary is meager and ambiguous at best. Arming citizens in increasing numbers does not seem to be protecting us from violent attacks. It has been suggested that perhaps we need still more guns. I disagree in the strongest possible terms.

It has been argued that evil is as old as humankind, and that it’s not going away anytime soon. This is true. What is QUITE NEW, however, is the escalating capacity to kill. While this trend continues, arming ourselves further cannot possibly result in a safer society. Violence begets violence. It is self-perpetuating. How can mushrooming sales of ever more destructive weapons reduce violent deaths and make our children and ourselves safer?

It has also been said that evil, being pervasive, will find a way to acquire the means to kill. The argument is that infringing the right to keep and bear arms for good people will put them at an untenable disadvantage. For MOST individuals, however, carrying a gun provides a false sense of security (despite anecdotal cases to the contrary). Increasing the prevalence of guns among the populous, moreover, makes guns more readily available to those with evil intent, as well as increasing the likelihood of accidental deaths by good people. The answer is reducing gun ownership, not increasing.

The right to resist oppression

The right to self-protection is sometimes extended to include the right to resist unreasonable intrusion on our liberties by certain agencies of government or other establishments. Most gun advocates don’t go this far, and when they do it is almost as an aside, off-handedly if you will. It seems they understand that resisting the government with personal weapons will not turn out well for anyone. Still, if one says it quickly enough, maybe it will sound like a good excuse to own a gun.

Nevertheless, I affirm the right of an individual to resist oppression as being as fundamental as any of the human and civil rights named above. It is just that there is ample evidence that non-violent protest is more effective than armed resistance. Learning to use such methods pays great dividends.

(Gun advocates also understand that the Second Amendment is not about hunting or sporting activities, and never has been, but they often bring it up anyway. If the right to liberty includes hunting and sport, the right to own a gun for these purposes is clearly of ancillary importance and subject to appropriate regulation. Infringement is not applicable here.)

The right to resist foreign invasion

At the time it was ratified, the Second Amendment was (at least in part) about having a civilian population that could maintain independence against foreign threats. I’ve been told that a great number of the weapons with which we’d fought the Revolutionary War had been privately owned. Of course, no one credibly argues that this is what the Second Amendment is about today. The right to keep and bear arms is considered an individual right, unconnected to military or militia service.

While we are talking about foreign invasion, has anyone else noticed the parallel between increasing weaponization of private citizens and the increasing militarization of nation states? (1) Both are the result of an ever-escalating capacity for destruction and murder, and both are self-perpetuating. And (2) neither of them is working. War and threats of war only lead to more war. The answer is not greater military spending. The answer is “A Global Security System: An Alternative To War” as described by World Beyond War.

How do we get there from here?

Once I have made the point that more (and more lethal) guns keep us less safe rather than protect us, the next question is “What do we do about all the guns that are already out there? What do we do about the millions of AR-15s in circulation now?” After all we can’t just take everyone’s guns away from them. And what about all the guns already in the hands of those with evil intent?

Similarly, when I talk to people about a world beyond war, the next question is “How will we protect ourselves and our country from all the evil in the world?” Never mind the fact that the war system isn’t working, if we cut back our military strength even a little, won’t other nations (or terrorist groups) become emboldened to attack us?

Changing our beliefs

  • The greatest impediment to ending (or greatly reducing) gun-related deaths is the belief that gun violence is inevitable and that gun ownership is necessary for protection. The chief impediment to ending war is the belief that war is inevitable and somehow necessary for our security. Once we believe we can be safe without guns, and once we believe that we can get beyond war, many common-sense solutions on both fronts open for discussion.
  • Why is it so hard to change our beliefs? The biggest reason is fear. Fear is the force that drives the self-fulfilling cycles of war and gun violence. But because these are vicious cycle, the only way to address them is to break the cycles.

Following the money

  • The second most important barrier to real gun-safety and ending war is the massive amount of money involved with gun manufacturing and the military industrial complex in this country. Honestly, this is a huge problem, one that will take all of us to address.
  • One way is to divest. At every opportunity we need to encourage the organizations of which we are a part to stop investing in weapons manufacturing and the war machine. Another way is to advocate for moving our bloated tax expenditures for ‘defense’ into programs that help actual people and infrastructures. When people see the advantages of spending on constructive rather than destructive projects, the political will can finally change.

Taking appropriate steps

  • I happen to believe rapid change is possible, but neither of these goals will happen all at once. We may not even know ALL the necessary steps right now, but we do know many of them and we shouldn’t let doubt paralyze us from acting.

Safety and security: fundamental human rights

In my original Facebook post, I took issue with the Second Amendment because somehow the right to own and carry a gun (the right to keep and bear arms) didn’t seem as valid as many other human and civil rights that I named. I understood that the right to safety and security are basic human rights, and I now see that the right to protect oneself from attack is included in these rights. In this article, however, I have tried to show that the individual right to self-protection is poorly served by the right to keep and bear arms. The Second Amendment is not working; it is not keeping us safe. In fact, the individual right to keep and bear arms may well infringe the more basic rights of the populous for safety and security.

The Constitution is vague about what it means to “provide for the common defence” of the United States, but it seems equally clear that what we have been doing for at least the past half century (and arguably longer) is not working. It is not working for us, and it is not working for the rest of the world. The right to security for one depends on security for ALL, and global security cannot happen without demilitarization.

If we believe it possible, we can get to a world beyond war and a nation beyond gun violence. It will require political will and the courage to stand up to powerful, moneyed interests. It will also require taking the steps that we understand one at a time, beginning now.

One Response

  1. This was such a well-written and informative article. However, I wanted to comment on a few things.

    First off, I read a description on a stamp late last year pertaining to this subject. They said gun control’s not the answer because, people could obtain guns using illegal methods. That and the head of the NCIS (National Criminal Intelligence Service) in the UK said that crime rates worsened because, criminals became more impudent.

    On the other hand, they also said that gun culture’s the problem. For instance, they pointed out that our society (the US) stopped teaching personal responsibility and started teaching dependency and a ‘woe is me’ attitude. They also mentioned the poor funding of mental health facilities. However, I feel they forgot to mention how some people think if you have a gun, you need to fire it.

    On that note, I read about a small study where seven people were asked if they ever needed to fire their weapon at someone. Most admitted that they just needed to brandish the weapon.

    (Start reading here if you don’t have the time for long comments.) In short, I thought this was a great read. However, I wanted to add my two cents. I read someone else’s view on the subject. They didn’t think gun control’s the answer because, taking away guns won’t solve everything. They went onto say that culture’s the issue because, we stopped being taught how to be responsible. they’ve been taught ,instead, that it’s okay to have a victim complex. That and we have little to no options for treating mental health. However, they didn’t mention some believe that you must fire a gun if you’re holding it. That said, a small amount of people said they just needed to show the weapon to avoid an incident.

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